Are the mega-retail-led regeneration projects suitable for shrinking cities?

Regeneration through retail

One of the governance responses to urban shrinkage and the accompanying problems of city centre decline is mega-retail-led regeneration. It is a common regeneration tool that can, on one hand, create a popular shopping centre, but on the other hand, produce negative impacts on the city centre structures. Eventually, it can produce effects similar to urban shrinkage itself, the consequences of which should be reversed. This paper examines at the micro-spatial level the changing nature of selected services in the centre of the shrinking city of Ostrava, focusing primarily on analysing, identifying, and assessing the impacts of mega-retail-led regeneration represented by the development of the New Karolina shopping centre built within the historical city centre.Additionally, this text extends evidence of the impacts of such regeneration schemes and discusses their suitability in the case of shrinking cities.

Renewable resources and quality of landscape: concepts, context and cases

Energy landscape

An energy landscape is characterized by one or more elements of the energy chain (e.g. energy extraction, assimilation, conversion, storage, transport or transmission of energy).
The outcome can be a multi-layer energy landscape comprising combinations of technical and natural sources of energy within a landscape. In COST RELY, energy landscape is focused on renewable energy and the impact on landscape quality.